The architectural concept used is based on a square ground plan. The three-story building structure extends upwards and outwards conically at a 45 degree rotation and is topped off by a square roof. Wedge-shaped roof projections are mounted along the facades at an upward tilt ? giving the effect of wings. These protrusions shield the entrance area from the elements as well as provide fixed solar protection for the window glazing. Strict geometrical angles also characterize the facades. Because the underground at the site is not capable of bearing weight, the building is supported by piles which are mounted on a reinforced concrete base plate. The angular projection roofs also have a functional role in stabilizing the building.
Energy and Technical Concepts
The first priority was to conserve energy using passive energy measures. In order to reduce the energy demand to a minimum, the building envelope was designed according to passive house standards. The reinforced massive ceilings serve as thermal storage to balance out the peak cooling loads. The well-designed architecture supplies good daylighting throughout the building, for example, by means of a square-shaped central atrium. The efficient electrical lighting is provided by LEDs and controlled by light sensors.
The entire concept covering the energy and the technical aspects is customized for the comfort of the building occupants as well as for the climatic and technical boundary conditions in South Korea. Complementing the role of the building envelope, the ventilation system ensures both controlled heat in the winter and controlled humidity and cooling in the summer. The efficient building services are mainly based on earth probes, which provide the radiant cooling system with cold in summer and which serve as a heat source for the heat pump throughout the year. In addition to this, a ventilation system with two-step heat recovery and evaporative cooling and a turbo compression chiller for dehumidification are installed. By applying these collective measures, the heating and cooling energy consumption of this building is 70 percent less than the standard consumption for South Korean buildings.
The remaining annual energy demand of the Energy Dream Center is supplied by renewable energy sources. In addition to geothermal energy for supplying heating and cooling, grid-connected photovoltaic systems on the roof, the overhangs and in a small field supply the total amount of electricity required (about 280 000 kWh/year). The result is a building with zero net energy consumption and zero carbon emissions in an annual balance ? namely a Net Zero Energy Building. It fulfills the passive house standards and the Korean standards: Korean Green Building Certification KGBC and the Building Energy Efficiency Label. To analyze the implemented energy concept and the building performance in real operation, Fraunhofer ISE is planning to carry out long-term monitoring.
< Fact Sheet >
Energy Dream Center, Seoul, Korea
Seoul Metropolitan Government, Seoul, Korea
Contractor ? Energy Concept and Simulation
Dr.-Ing. Jan Wienold, Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy
Systems ISE, Freiburg, in cooperation with Fraunhofer Korea
Thomas Winkelbauer, GAP mbh, Berlin
Structural Planning and Design
Detlef Rentzsch, Marzahn & Rentzsch Ingenieurburo fur
Technical Building Services
Martin Ufheil, solares bauen, Freiburg
Project Coordination and Management
Dr. Gunter Lohnert, sol-id-ar planungswerkstatt, Berlin
Korean Planning Team
Parsons Brinckerhoff, Seoul Office
Planning and Execution Period
18 Mio. Dollar
ca. 12 Mio. Dollar
Gross/Net Floor Area
3777 m²/3407 m²
Total 275 MWh/a
Building Services 30.2 kWh/m²a
Lighting 10.5 kWh/m²a
Other Equipment 21.8 kWh/m²a
Exhibition Area /Offices 18.2 kWh/m²a
Photovoltaic System (Roof and Field Installation)
Area (total) 1400 m²
Energy Yield (total) 275 MWh/a
Nominal Power (total) 272 kWp
Wall 0.14 W/m²K
Roof 0.11 W/m²K
Window 0.93 W/m²K
Floor 0.10 W/m²K
Energy-Efficient Building Systems
- Ventilation system with efficient heat and cold recovery, 3-stage dehumidification with an adiabatic humidification of exhaust air, integrated compression chiller
- Geothermal probes for building heating via heat pump and for free cooling via the building-integrated radiant floor.
- Turbo compression chiller with 210 kWp to assist the geothermal probes as well as for further dehumidifying the inlet air.
Contact for further information:
Dr.-Ing. Jan Wienold, Fraunhofer ISE
Tel.: +49 761 4588-5133